The pyramids of Giza are a reflection of true masterpiece and they deserve to be singled out as a ‘wonder’. There is no technology to date that can replicate the pyramids and there are numerous interesting facts about the pyramids that would be of interest to tourists, archeologists and scientists.
• The oldest and largest pyramid is King Khufu’s which was named ‘the great pyramid of Giza’. It rises at 146 metres (481feet). Archeologists say that for 3,800 years, the pyramid of Giza held its place as the tallest globally.
• The sphinx monument which is 73.5 meter (241 feet) was constructed when Khafre was in power. The monument is one of the most value mythical beings in the Egyptian, South Asian and Egyptian architecture.
• Khufu’s structure is massive and with complex design compared to the pyramids of Menkaure and Khafre which have a simpler design and are far smaller. When the pyramids were first constructed, white limestone covered them. However, the limestone has eroded.
• The pyramids of Giza were not constructed by prisoners or slaves as most people claim. Rather, historians believe Egyptians were hired to construct the pyramids.
• The pyramids foundations have socket and ball structure. This makes it possible for the pyramids to withstand earthquakes and expansion caused by heat.
• The origin of the mortar which was used in the construction is not known and there is no explanation for the same. It has undergone analysis and yet, its chemical composition has not been identified. What is more, it is stronger than stone which is part of the reason it has withstood the test of time.
• Originally, casing stone which was of polished limestone covered the pyramids. Because of the stones, when the sun’s light fell on the pyramid, it would shine brightly like jewels. These casing stones don’t exist since they were taken by Arabs and used for purposes of building mosques. This happened in the 14th century after the casing stones were loosened by an earthquake. Specialists have deduced that the original casing stones of the pyramid acted as gigantic mirrors by reflecting a powerful light which appeared like a shiny star. Ancient Egyptians used to call the pyramid ‘Ikhet’ which means ‘Glorious Light’. It is not yet know how the blocks were assembled or transported to the pyramid.
• The pyramid is accurately aligned to the True north and has slight error of 3/60th degree.
• The pyramid has 4 faces and which are slightly concave.
• The pyramids form the famous Giza Necropolis which houses the Sphinx, smaller pyramids which were designed for the queens and complexes meant for laborers.
• Archeologists estimate that workers set 2.5 tons to 15 tons of block every 2 ½ minutes. As such, they conclude it took about 30 years to complete construction of Khufu’s pyramid.
• Ramps were used for the purposes of moving blocks around and up the pyramid during construction. These ramps were made from stone, mud and stone. The Nile was also used for the purposes of transporting equipment and materials used in construction as well.
• The interior of Khufu’s pyramid has a constant temperature that is equal to that of the earth which is twenty degrees Celsius.
• The pyramids of Menkaure, Khufu and Khafre are aligned precisely with Orion constellation.
• On estimate, the Great Pyramid is said to have 2.3 million stone blocks which weigh anything from two to thirty tones. Other blocks are even estimated to weigh more than fifty tons.
• Khufu’s pyramid is estimated to have casing stones totaling to 144,000 all of which were highly polished. These stones had an estimated flatness of 1/100th in thickness and weighing an approximate 15 tons.
• Granite coffer found in Khufu’s ‘King’s Chamber’ is very big. There is no way it could have fitted through the pyramids passages and as such, it is believed it was placed there during construction of the pyramid. What is more, the coffer is designed from solid blocks of granite.
• Curvatures which have been designed in the form of faces on the Great pyramid match the earth’s radius.
• The ‘Great Pyramid’ initially has an entrance with a swivel door. The only other pyramids which had swivel doors include the one’s belonging to Khufu’s grandfather (Huni ) and father (Sneferu).
• Initially the pyramids had a mantel which could easily be seen from Israel Mountains. It is also believed that they could be seen from the moon.
Historians are of the opinion these pyramids were constructed to house the body of the king after death. The pyramids have tunnels which are elaborately designed and they contain gold as well as other items the Egyptians believed would be of use in the king’s afterlife.
The pyramids are not as grand as they used to be when they were initially constructed. Numerous factors have contributed to this such as plunder by grave robbers, tourists and erosion. Earthquakes have also loosened the materials and casing used to design the pyramids with some of the materials used for other projects.
Steps have however been taken to ensure the pyramids are protected from further destruction. Now, they are under the protection of Egyptologists, organizations and other interested parties that want to safeguard the pyramids for future generations. The Giza pyramids are a complete work of excellent art and will remain a marvel for generations to come. This is especially true considering they were built at a time when technology was not much advanced. It is a true depiction of the ingenuity of the ancient builders.
The pyramids were initially built as a way of depicting the power and wealth of Egypt. Now, they not only signify wealth and power but also depict Egypt’s rich culture and history. They are a testament of the technological and intelligence advancement of the ancient civilizations found in Egypt. Although the pyramids of Giza have gone through numerous transformations over the years, they still maintain their attraction points making them a highly recommended site to visit to all world travelers.