History of the Pyramids of Giza

Menkaure, Khufu and Khafre

Menkaure, Khufu and Khafre

Going thousands of years back, the Pyramids of Giza are among the 7 ancient wonders of the world. Comprised of 3 large pyramids, they were constructed for the three famous pharaohs, Menkaure, Khufu and Khafre. To date, the pyramids attract thousands of people from across the globe because of their rich history and architectural beauty.

In the past the roads leading to the pyramids were dusty and the only vehicles of transport seen on the roads were the carriage trucks used to irrigate fields. With the increasing population in the area, by the 20th century tourism had become a thriving business completely transforming the region. Major apartment blocks, arterial roads, night clubs, restaurant and retail strips soon replaced the irrigated fields. The pyramids are still ranked among the most visited and popular global attractions.

History of the Pyramids

The construction of the structures is said to have run between the 2575 and 2465 BC period. The pyramids were constructed on one of the rockiest plateaus on the banks of the Nile in Northern Egypt. The oldest and largest of the pyramids on the northernmost point was constructed for King Khufu and was named ‘the Great Pyramid.’ The base length of each side is 230 metres and has a height of 147 metres.

The second pyramid, which is also the middle one, was constructed in honor of Khafre and has a base length of 216 metres on and 143 metres in height. The last and southernmost pyramid was constructed for Menkaure with sides measuring 109 metres in length and a height of 66 metres.

The pyramids are still as attractive as they were when constructed, but they have been plundered inside and out. The plundering happened in medieval and ancient times with grave goods, which were once deposited in the pyramids burial chambers, missing. In addition to this, they do not stand in their original heights since their outer casings comprised of white smooth limestone have been stripped. Khufu pyramid for instance no longer stands at its initial height of 138 metres. Khafre pyramid has somehow managed to retain its external limestone casing but only at the very topmost part.